Facts about the Fiery-Throated Hummingbird – the Most Gorgeous Bird on Earth

Lilac-breasted rollers and Fiery-throated hummingbirds are two of the most colorful birds in the world. However, when comparing these two species, the hummingbird is the winner with its gorgeous glittering look. Let’s have a look at fiery-throated hummingbird facts to see how beautiful they are.

Fiery-throated hummingbird
Scientific name: Panterpe insignis
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Apodiformes
Genus: Panterpe

1. Fiery-throated hummingbird is the most gorgeous bird

The fiery-throated hummingbird (a.k.a Irazu hummingbird) is the most stunning bird you’ve ever seen.

The adult Fiery-throated Hummingbird is distinguished by its beautiful colors. The bird comes in a glossy emerald plumage, a royal blue tail, and white patches behind its eyes. On top of its head is a blue crown. The two sides and the back of its head are covered with the coloration of silky black. It has dark feet and a black long beak with the pink base.

Fiery-throated hummingbird is the most stunning creature

If you see a fiery-throated hummingbird in excellent light, you can see how gorgeous it is. No other bird has every shade of the rainbow on the throat and breast like this species. In low light, this hummingbird could be confused for other relatives such as the Talamanca hummingbird.

There’s no clear distinction between the two genders. Males and females have the same appearance. They weigh approximately 5.7 g (0.2 oz) and have an average size of 11 cm (4.3 inches) in length.

To know more about the most colorful creatures, you may read some of the articles below:

2. Habitat

The fiery-throated hummingbird lives n Costa Rica and western Panama’s mountains. They are typically found in wet tropical forests at altitudes of 1,400 m (4,600 feet) or higher. These include cloud forests and elfin woodlands. They also locate in marshlands and meadows, as well as second growth and grasslands.

Fact: Hummingbirds get their name from the buzzing sound created by their wings beating. Their wings can beat up to 100 times per second and move so quickly that our naked eyes can’t see them. They are the only birds that can create a force on both forward and backward wing beats, allowing them to fly backward.

3. Reproduction

Hummingbirds are solitary creatures in every way. They do not reside or move in groups, and they do not have a pair bond. They just involve each other when mating. The breeding season of fiery-throated hummingbirds often occurs from August to January.

A male may mate with multiple females. And the female will almost certainly mate with numerous males. To woo the female fiery-throated hummingbird, the male will fly in front of them in a u-shaped manner. If the female accepts the male, they will start mating.

As soon as copulation is complete, the male will detach from the female. The female is now on her own in picking the location, building the nest, and raising offspring.

To make a hefty cup-shaped nest, the female will take plant fibers and knit them together. On the outside, she creates green moss for camouflage. Feathers, soft plant fibers, and animal hair are used to line the nest.

They also reinforce the construction with spider webbing and other adhesive materials. This helps the nest to be stretchy enough to extend to nearly double its size since the chicks will require more space when they grow up. Usually, the nest is located on a low, slender horizontal branch.

After being through the gestation period, the female often lays two white eggs. Those eggs are really small, roughly the size of a coffee bean. The eggs are incubated by the mother for about 15 to 19 days.

The mother will also secure and regurgitates food for the young. Because nectar is not enough for their growth, these chicks primarily rely on insects. If you may wonder where the father is, then he’s busy defending his territory and the flowers he eats. 

The young are only brooded for the first week or two, like other hummingbird species. They are left alone after about 12 days, even on cold nights. When reaching between 20 and 26 days old, they depart the nest.

4. They’re great pollinators

The nectar from a range of vividly colored, aromatic tiny flowers is the primary source of food for fiery-throated hummingbirds.

They love flowers that are red and have tubular shapes. Those blooms usually have the greatest amount of sugar. Flowers with high-energy nectar are also their favorites. That’s why they always look for areas having these kinds of flowers and fiercely protect the places.

A Fiery-throated hummingbird is feeding on nectar.

To collect the nectar flower, fiery-throated hummingbirds use their straight, lengthy, extendible tongues to suck it up to 13 times a second. They do this while hovering or hanging on the flower.

While eating nectar, fiery-throated hummingbirds are doing a great job as pollinators. Many wild and developed plants that these birds eat rely largely on them for fertilization, especially tubular-shaped flowers. These flowers prevent most other pollinators, like butterflies and bees, from feasting on them and pollinating them.

The species may go to hummingbird feeders for some sugar water or drink from bird baths or fountains.

Their diet also includes some small insects and spiders. In the breeding season, this is the most crucial protein source for the offspring to develop normally. The bird often plucked insects from the trees or pull them from the spider webs while flying. A female fiery throated hummingbird that is nesting can catch up to 2,000 insects per day.

5. They’re territorial

Male fiery-throated hummingbirds are tenaciously territorial. Males are tenaciously territorial. They build feeding territories and furiously expel other males along with large insects like bumblebees and hawk moths that try to forage in their areas. To protect their places, they conduct aerial flights and frightening performances.

Aggressive with other males, but they normally accept female fiery-throated hummingbirds.

6. They’re not endangered

Fiery-throated hummingbirds are categorized in IUCN status as Least Concern. This species has a narrow breeding range, yet it is regarded as common to plentiful throughout most of it. The birds have no recognized significant hazards. However, due to their mountainous habitat, climate change may limit their range to higher elevations in the upcoming time.


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